National Parks in Uganda
Uganda is a stunning country slightly smaller than the state of Oregon or one can say its almost the size of England, its known for its magnificence, variety of color, profusion of brilliant life, plants, birds, insects, reptiles ,and its truly the pearl of Africa, Uganda leaves clients filled awe by its unique terrain and wildlife all this in addition to its friendly and hospitable people.
There are 10 official National Parks in Uganda and many other Conservation Areas where you will find an abundance of wildlife and birds
There are wetlands and conservations areas besides the National Parks such as Bigodi Wetlands, Mabamba swamp, Budongo forest and many others that will add to your National Parks of Uganda Visit.
Uganda offers more bio-diversity, offers more birds, over 1000 different kinds, a paradise for birders, half of the worlds' mountain gorillas reside in Uganda, chimpanzees in abundance, hippos, crocodiles, lions including the tree climbing ones, leopards.
There are the mountains from extinct volcanoes to glaciers on the equator, jungles and rainforests, lakes, lakes and more lakes all awaiting your visit and exploration.
Below is a list and information about the 10 national parks in Uganda;
Bwindi impenetrable National park
Bwindi Impenetrable, a magnificent verdant swathe across the steep ridges of the Albertine Rift Valley positioned in the south western part of Uganda- one of the few in Africa to have flourished throughout the last Ice Age - is home to roughly half of the world's mountain gorillas. The name Bwindi is derived from the local phrase Mubwindi bwa Nyinamukari, which most probably originally referred to the Mubwindi swamp in the southeast of the park rather than the forest itself. The forest was proclaimed as the impenetrable in forest reserve in 1942 and its official name until 1991 where it was gazetted as a national park and named Bwindi. Tourism in Bwindi focuses on gorilla tracking. Slightly more than half of the world’s mountain gorilla population is resident in Bwindi, An estimated 280 -320 living in 15 troops. Looking deep into the expressive brown eyes of these gentle giants is surely the most exciting and poignant wildlife encounter that Africa has to offer – however we should not let it distract from Bwindi's broader biodiversity, a result of its immense antiquity and an altitude span from 1,160 to 2,607m. This ancient rainforest has 90 mammal species, including 11 primates, of which the Black and White Colobus, with its lovely flowing white tail, is prominent. Forest birding here ranks with the best in Uganda, with 23 highly localised Albertine Rift endemics present.
Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison falls national park is perhaps the largest park in Uganda which is named after the Murchison falls where the mighty river Nile bangs through a narrow gorge flowing down to be converted into a placid river whose banks are thronged with hippos, water bucks, crocodiles, and buffaloes. The flora and Fauna at Murchison is characterized by savannah, riverine forest and wood land. Wild life at Murchison falls national park includes,elephants, lions, leopard, giraffes, buffaloes, hartebeests, oribis, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, and many bird species including the rare shoebill.
Queen Elizabeth national park
Queen Elizabeth national park along with kyambura and kigezi wildlife resource brings together the most diverse ecosystem in Africa.Thousands of hippos populate these water shores. Open savannah dotted with acacia and euphobia trees provide habitat for,leopardsm, elephants, lions, Uganda Safari kobs, in addition to big herds of buffaloes.The park also harbors primate species, these include chimpanzees and monkeys.Waterbucks, giant forest hog, topi, hyenas, and crocodiles are among the many animals distinguished frequently in Queen Elizabeth national park.
Kibale Forest National Park
Kibale is one in all the most attractive national parks in Uganda with tropical rainforest, and a multiplicity of animals. Kibale Forest harbors the principal figure of chimpanzees and more than 1,450 are protected inside the park. At Kanyanchu, a community chimpanzee has been habituated for 16 years. This gives tourists a chance to see the great apes in their natural environment . Threatened red colobus monkeys and the rare I’hoesti monkey are found in the park. At the same time the forest has one of the highest diversity and density of primates in Africa
Lake Mburo National Park
Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda’s smallest national park, was designated in 1982, and is situated in Kiruhura district of Western Uganda. It is the only park that contain an entire lake. The attractive acacia-dotted savanna (158 square miles) is home to huge herds of impala, as well as uncommon topi, eland, klipspringer and other antelope. Other animals found in the park include Zebras, buffaloes, while birds include Crested Francolin, Emerald-spotted Wood Dove, Brown Parrot, Barefaced Go-away bird, Rednecked Spur, common Quails, Black-billed Barbet, Greenwood Hoopoe, Blue-napped Mousebird, Lilac-breasted Roller,African-grey Hornbill, Nubian Woodpecker, Trilling Cisticola, bee-eaters and the cheeky bronze-tailed starling, as well as the majestic crowned crane etc.
Rwenzori National Park
Rwenzori is the highest mountain in Uganda, and the first foreigner to climb it was an Italian. It was in 1906 when Luigi Amadeodi Savoy duke of the Abruzzi climbed to the top of the mountain and last year 2006 the Ugandans and Italians celebrated the hundred years since the first foreigner reached on top of Mt. Rwenzori.A trip into the Rwenzoris is an exhilarating and rewarding experience but one, which must be well planned. The key to an enjoyable visit is to be prepared! The central hike circuit takes six nights or seven days and reaches an altitude of 14,000ft.(4,267m) above the sea level. The conditions on the mountain are a challenge to even an experienced hiker.
Mgahinga Gorilla national park
Mgahinga gorilla national park is the smallest park in the country. It is about 38 sq km. Though it is very important as it is one of the two parks in Uganda that are habitat for the endangered mountain gorillas. Mgahinga gorilla national park is situated in south western Uganda, in kisoro district. This park was gazetted in 1999 and is part of the virunga conservation area. This park adjoins Rwanda’s volcano, and the democratic republic of Congo’s virunga national parks. Mgahinga gorilla national park experiences two wet seasons in the year that is February to May, and September to December.More on Mgahinga Gorilla Park
Kidepo Valley National Park
Kidepo valley is one of Uganda’s most spectacular parks. This national park is 1,442 square kilometers. It harbors scenery that can not be found in any other parks in east Africa. Kidepo is tucked into the corner of Uganda’s boarder with Sudan and Kenya.Animal species in the park is abundant including many which are found no where else in Uganda.
The vegetation can best be described as open tree Savannah which varies much in structure and composition. Mountain forest dominates some of the high places, while areas along the Lorupei River support dense Acacia geradi forest. The flora and fauna of the park are more typical of Kenya than the rest of Uganda. The landscape throughout the park is studded with small hills, rocky outcrops and inselbergs from which one can obtain stunning views in all directions
Semliki National Park
Mount Elgon National Park
At 4,000km² Mt. Elgon has the largest volcanic base in the world. Located on the Uganda-Kenya border it is also the oldest and largest solitary, volcanic mountain in East Africa. Its vast form, 80km in diameter, rises more than 3,000m above the surrounding plains. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna.
Mount Elgon National Park is home to over 300 species of birds including the endangered Lammergeyer. Small antelopes, forest monkeys, elephants and buffalos also live on the mountainside. The higher slopes are protected by national parks in Uganda and Kenya, creating an extensive trans-boundary conservation area which has been declared a UNESCO Man & Biosphere Reserve